Two Shepherds, A Psalm, and Sheep

David, a central person in 1 & 2 Samuel, prefigures Christ as prophet, priest, and the anointed king.  Not only did David and Christ share these roles but also the role of shepherd. Was it as a young shepherd he penned The Shepherd’s Psalm, or was it as an aged king looking over his life with the faithful Shepherd of his soul?

David:

“And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and behold, he keepeth the sheep…1Sam. 16: 11; And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father’s sheep…1Sam. 17:34a.

Psalm 23:

“The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.

Christ Jesus:

“I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.” John 10:11.

To the Sheep of His Pasture:

“Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.” Heb. 13:20,21.

David:

“And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song, in the day that the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul; And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer;” 2Sam. 22:1,2.

Psalm 23:

“He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.”

Christ Jesus:

“But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him: and with his stripes we are healed.” Isa. 53:5

To the Sheep of His Pasture:

“Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ: By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.” Rom. 5:1,2.

David:

“And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die…2Sam. 12:13; Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions. Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. For I acknowledge my transgressions and my sin is ever before me.” Ps. 51:1-3.

Psalm 23:

“He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.”

Christ Jesus:

 “He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities…Isa. 53:11; And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is being interpreted, My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken me…Mark 15:34; For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.” Rom. 5:19.

To the Sheep of His Pasture:

“If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” 1John 1:9.

David:

“I cried unto thee, O LORD: I said, Thou art my refuge and my portion in the land of the living. Attend unto my cry; for I am brought very low: deliver me from my persecutors; for they are stronger than I.” Ps. 142:5,6.

Psalm 23:

“Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me:”

Christ Jesus:

“And he was withdrawn from them about a stone’s cast, and kneeled down, and prayed, Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but hine, be done. And there appeared and angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.” Luke 22:42,43.

To the Sheep of His Pasture:

“Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds. Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, striving against sin.” Heb. 12:2-4.

David:

“Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow…Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness.” Psalm 51: 7, 14.

Psalm 23:

“Thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.”

Christ Jesus:

“Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared; Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;” Heb. 5:7-9.

To the Sheep of His Pasture:

“Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous; nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.” Heb. 12:11.

David:

“Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward…1Sam. 16:13; Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and I will sing praises unto thy name. He is the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.” 2Sam. 22:50,51.

Psalm 23:

“Thou prepares a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil: my cup runneth over.”

Christ Jesus:

“The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tiding unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; to proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn…Isa. 61:1,2; I am he that liveth, and was dead; and behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.” Rev. 1:18.

To the Sheep of His Pasture:

“But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me: and ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning…John 15:26,27;

And the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.”  Acts 2:39.

David:

“Therefore now, LORD, let the thing that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant and concerning his house be established for ever, and do as thou hast said…For thou, O my God, hast told thy servant that thou wilt build him an house: therefore thy servant hath found in his heart to pray before tee. And now, LORD, thou art God, and hast promised this goodness unto thy servant: Now therefore let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may be before thee for ever: for thou blesses, O LORD, and it shall be blessed for ever. 1Chron. 17:23, 25-27.

Psalm 23:

“Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.”

Christ Jesus:

“Wherefore holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house…But Christ as a son over his own house: whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.” Heb. 3:1,2,6.

To the Sheep of His Pasture:

“Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD? or who shall stand in his holy place?

He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. He shall receive the blessing from the LORD, and righteousness from the God of his salvation.” Ps. 24:4,5.

“And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.” Rev. 21:3.

“In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.” John 14:2,3.

Can you say, with David, the Lord is my shepherd?  Or will you be found wanting?

5 thoughts on “Two Shepherds, A Psalm, and Sheep

  1. The Lord is my Shepherd.

    I’ve always liked this typology with David and Jesus Christ. You did a really nice and simplified job in presenting this.

    Liked by 1 person

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